Flamingos flying over lake Turkana. This lake connects Ethiopia and Kenia, it provides water for hundreds of indigenous tribes.
Observable effects of climate change on water resources in Africa include: flooding, drought, change in distribution of rainfall, drying-up of rivers, melting of glaciers and the receding of bodies of water.
The Turkana are a Nilotic people native to the Turkana District in northwest Kenya. These tribes have lived in these areas for centuries. The extreme drought now forces families to leave their homeland.
Lake Turkana is the largest permanent desert lake in the world. It's facing an environmental catastrophe. On the Ethiopian border a dam is being built. Cutting off the body on the Kenian side of the lake. Without the lake's water, living will become impossible for indigenous communities.
These indigenous communities depend on this lake for food and water for their livestock.
A 16 year old girl, pregnant, standing in front of her home she shares with her family of 6.
Instead of buying cattle the nomadic tribes in Northern Kenia buy camels. In times of drought camels survive longer. These animals need less water and food to produce milk.
East Africa is facing the worst food crisis in the 21st century. According to Oxfam, 12 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia are in dire need of food. Rainfall has been below average. This is a serious problem for a continent almost entirely dependent on rain for its agriculture.
Herders come back after a long day. It's becoming increasingly hard to find grass in these dry and overgrazed areas. Young herders have to travel for days to find food for their livestock.
The Samburu are nomads. The houses, built by the women in the village, all have the same structure.
A young girl leaving the village to get water for her family. She lives in an isolated rural area and has to spend hours every day walking to collect water.
Goats resting in the Samburu village.
A young herder carries the last goat in. In these tribes, the young boys are often given the responsibility of caring for goats. They learn to herd from a young age.
In these communities, 12 year old young girls get married to older men, young get sold for cattle and 6 year old olds spend their days walking to get water for their family.
A 15 year old girl holding her baby.
During the dry season, Samburu families take their family herd to the singing wells where they dig for water to fill up troughs to give water to their goats.
At the singing well, the family sings a song as they dig. Goats recognize their family's song, and come to get water.
A young boy waits for his turn to dig for water at the signing well.
No matter what steps the global community takes to mitigate carbon emissions, a warmer climate is inevitable. The effects are already being felt today and are projected to intensify as climate change worsens. All of the world’s regions and nations will experience some of the effects of this transformational challenge.